ISSN E 2410-3500

Victims of Circumstances: A Case Study to Explore the Socio Economic Problems of Bounded Labor Working at Brick Kiln in Pakistan



Vol. 1, PP. 1-5, Nov. 2014


Keywords: Socio economic, bonded labor, brick kiln, primary education, case study approach

Download PDF


In this study, an effort has been made to explore the socio economic problems of bonded labor working at brick kiln in Gujranwala, in Pakistan. The purpose of this study was to find out the problems faced by bounded labor at brick kilns, so the only best technique of data collection was in-depth interviews with respondents. Interview guide was tool of data collection. In depth interviews were conducted with the respondents for a period of two months. During research, it was observed that respondents were illiterate and there were not even primary school education facilities available to workers. They were unaware of their basic rights and therefore were facing a lot of problems in their daily working life in general and whole life in particular. The findings show that economic, social and legal vulnerabilities of both females and males working in brick kiln. In the broader context both females and males were identified as victims in their own right but analysis of their interpersonal relations indicated more victimization of female workers. This article also gives recommendations for policy, practice and future research in this area.

 


Anam Azam: BLCU, jutt96@gmail.com, Beijing, 008613641117142
Muhammad Rafiq, NCEPU, Beijing, China
 


Anam Azam Muhammad Rafiq "Victims of circumstances: A case study to explore the socio economic problems of bo Economics and Management Works Vol. 1 PP. 1-5 Nov. 2014.


 

  1. ILO, international labor organization (2001). A Global Alliance Against Forced Labor in India.
  2. Atkinson, (1996). Learring is a process: Toward an Improved Definition of Learning.
  3. Muhammad Javed Iqbal, Bonded labor in Brick Klin Industry of Pakistan. The Lahore Journal of Economics 11 : 1 (Summer 2006) pp. 99-119 .
  4. Eric Neumayer & Indra de Soysa (2007) Globalization, Women?s Economic Rights and Forced Labor. The World Economy 30(10): 15101535.
  5. Niaz Muhammad et al. A Sociological Studt of Brick Kiln workers in Badhaber, Peshawar, Pakistan, Pak. j. life soc. Sci. (2010), 8(1): 19-23.
  6. Deepak Kumar Sharma1 et al. Qualitative study on clinico-social Problems of Brick Kiln workers: A study from Anand, Gujrat .
  7. Vikash Agarwal et al. Model Development using Soft Computing Techniques to Assess Musculoskeletal Disorders among Workersof Brick Kiln Industry: An Indian Prospective, Inetrnational Journal of  Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 7, July 2013.