The work represents the Socio-Cultural and public Administration of Mehrgrah Civilization, Baluchistan, Pakistan (7000-2500BC). The people of Mehrgrah Civilization have mother and father based society, where the head of the family or tribe has the authority to decide for the well-being of the people after discussion with all members of the community. The head of the family or tribe may be designated with the name of Sardar stand for the person who led the family or tribe. They have a traditional system of punishment and rewards that they used for any individual after collective decision by the whole community. Generally, the head of family or tribe has used turban for his identity and honor which is still exist in the area. The majority of them were nomads and agrarians, however there have very little evidences regarding their political and governance system in the form of artifacts. The lifestyle and culture of Mehrgrah people has very simple and respectful from the earlier ages. They have enthusiastic agriculturists and worth their products. They have walls and ceilings of their houses for their protection and privacy. This effort of the people of Mehrgrah declared them the first well known industrial and agrarian society of the World history. Due to faster development in technology, the inhabitants of Mehrgrah civilization have started to use pottery, wheels, vases and vessels for their own use and trade with other communities of that era. They have also the ability to made defense tools like arrows, and swords from copper ores and also had long distance contact with the Mesopotamia, Central Asia and Greek civilization. They are also known for the rainwater logging system and its use for domestic and agriculture purposes like Sailaba and Trai system, the utmost thing started has of the technique of dental surgery and use of medicinal plants for different diseases. The archeologist believes that it has the foundation of medical sciences and these discoveries revealed that the inhabitants of the Civilization have intelligent to think about these and invented solution of their problems. One of the reason archeologists and most of the human believes that the people who lived in Mehrgrah were so civilized because they found the way clothes were stitched and they used to wear clothes because archeologist claims that use of cotton originated from Mehrgrah. This is why Pakistan cotton industry is considered one of the potential sectors for the economy of Pakistan.
Asma Ismail: BZU, Multan
Saifullah Khan, BZU, Multan
Asma Ismail and Saifullah Khan Socio-Cultural and Public Administration of Neolithic Mehrgrah Baluchistan Pakistan Civilization (7000-2500BC) International Journal of Business Economics and Management Works Vol. 6 Issue 11 PP. 80-87 November 2019.
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